A Brief History of Social Work at Monash University
Social Work was introduced to Monash University in the 1970s as part of the Commonwealth Government’s policy of expanding the numbers of professional Social Workers. Originally the course was sponsored by the Medical and Arts faculties and subsequently placed within the Department of Sociology in the Faculty of Arts under the leadership of Professor Peter Boss, a prominent Social Work academic recruited from the United Kingdom (UK). In 1974 a small cohort of some 20–25 students entered the new generalist (or generic) BSW Honours degree.
Over the next 12 years under Professor Boss, Social Work formed its own Department within the Faculty of Arts, redeveloped its BSW Honours degree to a BSW pass and honours structure and, following its 1983 re-accreditation, included additional policy and research teaching emphasising the Australian context. The MSW (research) and PhD degrees were begun, and the postgraduate coursework MSW degree, although there were few students enrolled in these higher degrees initially. At that time the staff research focus was largely on child and family welfare.
At the conclusion of 1986, Professor Boss retired and Professor Thea Brown gained the Chair after serving 18 months in an acting capacity as Head of Department. During the next seven years, the Department restructured the MSW Coursework, introduced the first Distance Education BSW in Australia, and developed a Distance Education MSW Coursework. At the same time, a research strategy was developed and shaped around the demographic nature of the course’s catchment region. Building on the Department’s previous focus on child and family welfare, a new focus on child abuse emerged. In 1993, Professor Brown stood down as the Head of Department.
During this period, the university undertook a number of amalgamations with other tertiary institutions, firstly with the former Chisholm Institute that was located on the Caulfield and Peninsula campuses and then with the Gippsland College of Advanced Education located at Churchill in Gippsland. These amalgamations were to lead to a period of instability for the Department. Eventually the Department was included in the newly created Faculty of Professional Studies and then moved back to the Faculty of Arts when Professional Studies was disestablished. Even then, the Department struggled with its location, culminating in efforts of the Faculty to close it. Strong advocacy under the leadership of Dr Max Liddell, who had become Head of Department in 1996, averted the closure and demonstrated the Department’s viability.
In 2001, with Professor Chris Goddard as Head, the Department elected to join the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, which had become a multi-disciplinary faculty. In 2002, the Department joined the School of Primary Health Care, which currently includes the Departments of Physiotherapy, Health Sciences, Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Occupational Therapy, General Practice, and two Centres, the Centre for Developmental Disability Health Victoria, and Child Abuse Research Australia. At this time it established its liaison with the Singapore government and began the international program in Singapore.
Social Work has grown since its entry to the School of Primary Health Care. The Social Work discipline is more compatible with the objectives of its new school and has gained considerable support from the faculty to pursue its objectives. The faculty has supported the development of a new centre, Child Abuse Prevention Research Australia (CAPRA), in collaboration with the Australian Childhood Foundation. Professor Chris Goddard is Director of the centre. CAPRA is an independent centre within the School of Primary Health Care, to which our Department contributes 25% of the Director’s salary.
The faculty has supported the university’s goal of international engagement and internationalisation of the curriculum and, since joining the faculty, Social Work has enrolled an increasing number of international students at the undergraduate and postgraduate level in recent years.
In July 2008 Professor Margaret Alston was appointed to lead the Social Work Department. After several years at Charles Sturt University she brings significant experience in Distance Education and Social Work education and has a strong research focus in rural issues and gender. The Department is looking to consolidate and grow its on-campus and Distance Education offerings and will look to expand its student numbers at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.